In 2003, UNFPA launched its Sixth Country Programme of Assistance (CP6) in India to promote reproductive health for all age groups “as a means of improving the quality of life, establishing gender equity, stabilizing population growth and reducing poverty.” CP6, a partnership between UNFPA and the Government of India, aimed to address such issues in part by providing data on key critical indicators: Infant Mortality Rate, Total Fertility Rate, Mean Age of Marriage for Females, Sex Ratio, and Female Literacy Rate.
An index aggregating information from all indicators was subsequently generated. Each district was assigned a grade, from -6 (worst) to 10 (best), based on the aforementioned data. The majority of districts were given a Grade III (0 to 1), and 43 districts were assigned a Grade V, the lowest of the index. Shortly after, UNFPA and the Government of India were able to shift their focus to these locations and act accordingly.
The index was a milestone in providing a composite snapshot of risk assessment. In the same way that the Human Development Index (HDI) takes into consideration life expectancy at birth, mean and expected years of schooling, and GNI per capita (PPP US$), the CP6 monitoring tool aggregated indicators to identify backward and priority districts in regards to mortality, fertility, and gender issues.
 UNFPA’s Sixth Programme of Assistance in INDIA – 2003-2007. UNFPA.